A Comparison Of Rices for
Diabetes Meal Plans
Written by Sejal Dave, MS, RD/LD, CDE
Published in September 2010
(HealthCastle.com) Rice is a staple food that is eaten all around the world. It's a cereal grass that is cultivated for its edible grain. Although the definition of rice is quite straightforward, the different varieties and forms can make it difficult to choose what's best for a diabetes meal plan. The following list provides a breakdown of popular rice varieties and the amount of carbs and glycemic index for each.
4 Rice Options for Healthy Meals
- Basmati Rice
Basmati rice has longer grains or kernels than other rice varieties. It's known for its distinct flavor and aroma - the taste has been compared to roasted nuts or popcorn. Basmati rice is predominantly used in Indian cuisine, but can be used with various dishes. The kernels cook lengthwise, which results in long, free-flowing rice that is fluffy rather than sticky. Basmati rice is available in both brown and white varieties.
In 1 cup cooked: 44 grams of carbs, 1 g of fiber, glycemic index = 58
- Wild Rice
Wild rice is known for its nutty flavor and chewy texture. It's made up of four different types of grasses from the genus Zizania. It is native to the area around the Great Lakes, where Native Americans harvest it, so it is also known as Indian Rice. Because of the popularity of wild rice, it's also commercially produced (i.e. not wild anymore) and readily available.
In 1 cup cooked: 35 grams of carbs, 3 g of fiber, glycemic index = 57
- Sweet, Sticky, or Waxy Rice
Sweet, sticky, or waxy rice is a short-grain Asian rice, which, as its name implies, is sticky and gelatinous. It can have a sweeter taste than other rices and can be used as a savory side dish or as a dessert, depending on the cuisine. It has a higher glycemic index value than other rice varieties. Sweet rice is often considered to be high in gluten, but this is not the case. It is gluten-free and safe for people who have gluten-sensitivity.
In 1 cup cooked: 37 grams of carbs, 1.7 g of fiber, glycemic index = 86
- Black Rice
Black rice is unique not only for its color, but also because it's high in bran and antioxidants. It is described as having a nutty, floral taste that's almost fruity. Although it's not as common as other rice types, its popularity is increasing because of its healthy profile. According to Chinese legend, black rice was only for Emperors because of its high nutrient content, rare color, and highly unusual taste.
In 1 cup cooked: 32 grams of carbs, 2 g of fiber, glycemic index = 78
The Bottom Line
A diabetes meal plan can definitely include rice - in fact, it's part of the grain/starch food group, which makes up a large part of a balanced meal plan. For people with diabetes, the focus should be on portion control and individual taste preference. The glycemic index can help guide your choice, but remember that each person responds differently to foods. It is best to check your blood sugar level two hours after a meal to see how you respond to rice and other foods.